Why Anxiety Can Make You Feel Physically Sick; Make You Feel So Bad
Why Anxiety Can Make You Feel Physically Sick; Make You Feel So Bad?
If anxiety isn’t a medical condition, why can anxiety may you feel so sick?”
Many of us at anxietycentre.com have asked the same question when we were struggling with anxiety disorder.
It’s true. Anxiety can make a person feel very sick. Here’s why:
1. Stress Response
Apprehensive behavior causes the body to activate the stress response. The stress response causes dramatic body-wide physiological, psychological, and emotional changes that enhance the body’s ability to deal with a threat: to either fight with it or flee from it – which is the reason the stress response is often referred to as the flight or flight response.
For example, the stress response:
- Quickens heart rate.
- Stimulates the body.
- Increases respiration.
- Tightens muscles so that the body is more resilient to harm.
- Shunts blood to parts of the body more important for survival, such as the brain and muscles, and away from those less important, such as the skin and digestive system.
- Heightens most of the body’s senses.
- Suppresses digestion.
- Increases blood pressure.
- Increases activity in parts of the brain responsible for danger detection and reaction, and reduces activity in parts of the brain responsible for executive functions, such as rational thinking, self-control, and working memory.
To name a few.
For more information about the many physiological, psychological, and emotional changes, visit our “Stress Response” article.
The degree of stress response changes is proportional to the degree of apprehensive behavior. For instance, mild nervousness produces a mild-degree stress response with mild body-wide changes, whereas being terrified produces a high degree stress response with severe body-wide changes.
Because of the dramatic changes caused by a high degree stress response, we can feel ill while the stress response is active. Many people feel ill, and even vomit, soil themselves, shake uncontrollably, and can’t think straight when greatly afraid.
These strong feelings subside, however, as the stress response ends and the body uses up or expels the remaining stress hormones.
When stress responses occur infrequently, the body can easily manage these changes because they are temporary and quickly resolve after the stress response has ended.
Therefore, feeling ill associated with an active stress response is temporary and resolves as the stress response ends.
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When stress responses occur too frequently, however, such as from overly apprehensive behavior, the body can’t complete its recovery. Incomplete recovery can cause the body to remain in a state of semi stress response readiness, which we call “Stress-Response Hyperstimulation” since stress hormones are powerful stimulants.
Hyperstimulation is also often referred to as “hyperarousal,” “HPA axis dysfunction,” or “nervous system dysregulation.”
Hyperstimulation can cause the changes of an active stress response even though a stress response hasn’t been activated. Chronic activation of the stress response can overly tax the body’s systems, organs, and glands that are affected by stress hormones, which can cause symptoms, such as:
- Stomach and digestive problems
- Trembling, shaking
- Hot and cold spells
- Feeling like you have the flu
- Dizziness, lightheadedness, off-balance
- Chronic pain, shooting pains
- Back pain
- Body jolts
- Brain zaps
- Chest tightness and pain
- Choking feeling
And many, many other chronic symptoms.
Hyperstimulation can also cause the nervous system to act erratically and more involuntarily than normal. This erratic behavior can cause all sorts of sensory symptoms, such as issues with touch, taste, hearing, sight, smell, and balance.
Visit our “Anxiety Disorder Symptoms” article for a comprehensive list of anxiety symptoms.
Furthermore, if we were to focus solely on hormonal changes, they alone can cause profound changes and problems due to the chronic activation of the stress response.
For example, the Encyclopedia Britannica once stated:
A hormone is an organic compound (often a steroid or peptide) that is produced in one part of a multicellular organism and travels to another part to exert its action. Hormones regulate physiological activities including growth, reproduction, and homeostasis in humans. Most human hormones originate in specialized tissues and are carried to their targets through the circulation. Among the many mammalian hormones are ACTH, sex hormones, thyroxine, insulin, and epinephrine.
For up-to-date information, visit the Encyclopedia Britannica’s “Hormone” page for the many ways hormones affect the body.
Hormones are responsible for the regulation of many of the body’s functions. Furthermore, they perform their tasks, for the most part, all by themselves.
A Columbia University Press description stated:
Hormone: A secretory substance carried from one gland or organ of the body via the bloodstream to more or less specific tissues, where it exerts some influence upon the metabolism of the target tissue. Normally, various hormones are produced and secreted by the endocrine glands, including the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, ovaries, testes, pancreatic islets, certain portions of the gastrointestinal tract, and the placenta, among the mammalian species.
As lack of any one of them may cause serious disorders, many hormones are now produced synthetically and used in treatment where a deficiency exists. The hormones of the anterior pituitary include thyrotropin ,prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, the gonadotropic hormones, and growth hormone; the posterior pituitary secretes oxytocin, and vasopressin, also known an arginine vasopressin (AVP) or antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
The thyroids secrete thyroxine and calcitonin, and the parathyroids secrete parathyroid hormone. The adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine while the cortex of the same gland releases aldosterone, corticosterone, cortisol, and cortisone. The ovaries primarily secrete estrogen and progesterone and the testes testosterone. The adrenal cortex, ovaries, and testes in fact produce at least small amounts of all of the steroid hormones. The islets of Langerhans in the pancreas secrete insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin. The kidneys also produce erythropoietin, which produces erythrocytes (red blood cells). The passage of chyme (see digestive system) from the stomach to the duodenum causes the latter to release secretin, which stimulates the flow of pancreatic juice. The duodenum can also be stimulated by the presence of fats in the chyme to secrete cholecystokinin, a hormone that stimulates the gall bladder to contract and release bile. There is evidence that the upper intestine secretes pancreatozymin, which enhances the amount of digestive enzymes in the pancreatic juice. In addition, the pyloric region of the stomach secretes gastrin, a hormone that increases the secretion of hydrochloric acid into the stomach. The placenta has been shown to secrete progesterone and chorionic gonadotropin. There is evidence that it even contains a substance similar to growth hormone.
As you can see, hormones ARE powerful! The stimulation or fluctuation of a hormone can dramatically affect how we feel.
As well, hormones can affect the production of other hormones. Therefore, it’s reasonable to believe that something as simple as the chronic activation of the stress response can make the body and mind feel sick.
That’s not all. Periods of chronic stress are commonly followed by illness or flu because stress hormones suppress the body’s immune system making the body more vulnerable to pathogen invaders.
Yes, the body can become quite ill solely from the chronic activation of the stress response. Again, for more in-depth information about all of the changes caused by the stress response and hyperstimulation, visit our “Stress Response” and “Hyperstimulation” articles.
The next time you wonder if anxiety can really make a person feel sick, your answer should be, “YES, IT CAN. And for many reasons!”
Common Anxiety Symptoms
The combination of good self-help information and working with an experienced anxiety disorder therapist is the most effective way to address anxiety disorder and its many symptoms. Until the core causes of anxiety are addressed - the underlying factors that motivate apprehensive behavior - a struggle with anxiety disorder can return again and again. Identifying and successfully addressing anxiety's underlying factors is the best way to overcome problematic anxiety.
- For a comprehensive list of Anxiety Disorders Symptoms Signs, Types, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
- Anxiety and panic attacks symptoms can be powerful experiences. Find out what they are and how to stop them.
- How to stop an anxiety attack and panic.
- Free online anxiety tests to screen for anxiety. Two minute tests with instant results. Such as:
- Anxiety 101 is a summarized description of anxiety, anxiety disorder, and how to overcome it.
Return to our Anxiety Frequent Questions section.
anxietycentre.com: Information, support, and therapy for anxiety disorder and its symptoms, including why anxiety disorder can make you feel physically sick.
1. Berczi, Istvan. “Walter Cannon's ‘Fight or Flight Response’ - ‘Acute Stress Response.’” Walter Cannon's "Fight or Flight Response" - "Acute Stress Response", 2017, home.cc.umanitoba.ca/~berczii/hans-selye/walter-cannon-fight-or-flight-response.html.
2. Selye, H. (1956). The stress of life. New York, NY, US: McGraw-Hill.
3. Weston, Trevor. "The Nervous System." Know Your Body: The Atlas of Anatomy. Berkeley, CA: Ulysses, 1999. N. pag. Print.
4. Justice, Nicholas J., et al. “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder-Like Induction Elevates β-Amyloid Levels, Which Directly Activates Corticotropin-Releasing Factor Neurons to Exacerbate Stress Responses.” Journal of Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 11 Feb. 2015, www.jneurosci.org/content/35/6/2612.
5. Teixeira, Renata Roland, et al. “Chronic Stress Induces a Hyporeactivity of the Autonomic Nervous System in Response to Acute Mental Stressor and Impairs Cognitive Performance in Business Executives.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4373764/.
6. Yaribeygi, Habib, et al. “The Impact of Stress on Body Function: A Review.” EXCLI Journal, Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, 2017, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5579396/.
7. Barrington, Ernest. "Hormone." Encyclopedia Britannica. June 2019. https://www.britannica.com/science/hormone
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